Diabetes type 2: The eight symptoms you should ‘always contact your GP’ about – key signs
Diabetes type 2: Dr Zoe Williams discusses high blood sugar risks
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More than 4.9 million people in the UK have diabetes, though many cases of Type 2 diabetes could be prevented or delayed by healthy eating and being more active, according to Diabetes UK. The charity has outlined eight key symptoms.
Having some of the signs and symptoms of diabetes will not mean you definitely have the condition, “but you should always contact your GP” to make sure, the organisation states.
The signs include going to the toilet a lot, especially at night, and genital itching or thrush.
The others include being really thirsty, feeling more tired than usual, losing weight without trying to, as well as increased hunger.
You may also notice blurred eyesight and cuts and wounds taking longer to heal.
Visit your GP as soon as possible if you experience the main symptoms of diabetes, says the NHS.
“Type 1 diabetes can develop quickly over weeks or even days.“Many people have type 2 diabetes for years without realising because the early symptoms tend to be general,” the health body adds.
Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1.
In the UK, around 90 percent of all adults with diabetes have type 2.
If you have diabetes, your body is unable to break down glucose into energy.
This is because there’s either not enough insulin to move the glucose, or the insulin produced does not work properly.
There are no lifestyle changes you can make to lower your risk of type 1 diabetes.
You can help manage type 2 diabetes through healthy eating, regular exercise and achieving a healthy body weight.You should go for a regular diabetes check-up once a year to check your blood pressure and cholesterol.
Physical exercise helps lower your blood sugar level. You should aim for 2.5 hours of activity a week, according to the NHS.
Diabetes UK says: “Being physically active is good for diabetes. Whether you feel able to go for a run or a swim, or can manage some arm stretches or on-the-spot walking while the kettle boils, it all makes a difference.”
Moving more can help the body use insulin better by increasing insulin sensitivity.
Moreover, it can help you look after your blood pressure, because high blood pressure means you’re more at risk of diabetes complications.
The NHS spends at least £10 billion a year on diabetes which is about 10 percent of its entire budget, according to Diabetes UK.
Research suggests that type 2 diabetes can be put into remission – this is when symptoms disappear without the help of medication.
Type 2 diabetes can be managed through plenty of exercise and a healthy diet.
However, some people may need extra assistance through the use of medication, including insulin.
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